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Earl Carroll Theatre: history + exterior views

6230 Sunset Blvd. Los Angeles, CA 90028 | map |

More pages on the Earl Carroll: lobby areas | auditorium | stage | stage basement | sceneshop |


Opened: December 26, 1938 for lavish Earl Carroll musical comedy revues. The first show was titled "Broadway to Hollywood." The exterior featured a 20-foot high neon silhouette of Beryl Wallace, one of the Earl Carroll girls (and Mr. Carroll's wife). The lettering around the silhouette said: "Thru these portals pass the most beautiful girls in the world." The 1938 photo is in the Los Angeles Public Library collection.

News: The building has been declared a City of Los Angeles Cultural-Historic Landmark. The owners, Essex Property Trust, plan to erect a mixed-use building in the parking lot west of the theatre but will be retaining the theatre building in their plans and doing some restoration work. More details are at the bottom of the page.

Julia Wick on LAist had a December 8, 2016 photo spread of many vintage views along with the story "Hollywood's Earl Carroll Theatre Gets Landmark Designation." Patrick Lee had a December 9, 2016 story on L.A. Curbed: "Hollywood building that once housed lavish supperclub wins landmark status." KTLA's Gayle Anderson paid the theatre a visit on October 16, 2017. The station's "Restoration of the Earl Carroll Theatre" page about her visit includes links to several video clips on the history of the building and the restoration plans. Pauline O'Connor followed up on October 23 with "Take a peek inside...." a Curbed L.A. story using many photos from LAHTF's Wendell Benedetti and Mike Hume. See Mike's Historic Theatre Photography page about the theatre and his October 2017 video tour.

Seating: 1,000 -- originally in a dinner-show arrangement with tables and chairs on six terraces.

Architect: Gordon B. Kaufman, with interior and exterior design work by Count Alexis de Sakhnovsky, Frank Don Riha and Kaufman. Kaufmann also did the Palladium across the street. The cost of the building was estimated at $500,000. Ford J. Twaits was the contractor.

At the top of the stairs at the entrance, the Goddess of Neon held a 50' tube that swirled up to the ceiling to join a curving row of three-foot long vertical tubes arrayed all the way to the proscenium. The auditorium was lit with over 1,800 of these tubes. The house left wall of the asymmetrical auditorium was covered with a faux wood grain wallpaper, house right draped with green satin.

The great stage: It featured a 60' revolve with separately operated inner and outer sections. There was also a water curtain, an orchestra pit lift, a small circular lift downstage for a soloist and a revolving multi-level tower stage right. The tower, with four ladies each at a piano on the four levels, showed up in a demonstration of the stage's wondrous features in the 1940 film "A Night at Earl Carroll's."



Earl Carroll with some of his performers. It's a Los Angeles Public Library photo.



Carroll planning a show. Photo: Los Angeles Public Library. They have over a hundred photos in their collection including exterior views as well as rehearsal shots and photos of various performances.



A view of Earl Carroll showgirls from a program page posted by Tam Tim O'Connor Fraser on the Vintage Los Angeles Facebook page. Tam's mother, La Gay Guistina, is in the upper right. She was with the theatre for a year or so around 1945.  Also from Mr. Fraser on Vintage Los Angeles see program photos of Earl Carroll and Harry Revel and a promo photo of two Earl Carroll beauties.



A souvenir postcard of the theatre from the site Card Cow. They have thousands of great vintage postcards to browse. Also see another souvenir showgirl card on the site. 



A souvenir photo folder. Like many nightclubs, the Earl Carroll sold photos to the happy couples attending the shows. This view of the cover of a 40s folder which contained the souvenir photograph comes from Marlaine Hysell's collection.  



Inside the souvenir photo folder: "This photograph is a souvenir of a breathtaking visit to the Earl Carroll Theatre Restaurant in Hollywood. Yes, Earl Carroll IS an international celebrity..." The text declares him "America's premiere authority of feminine beauty."  You can, of course, click  on the image for a larger view.  Thanks Marlaine! Also see: photo of the group | rear of the folder



An ad for a New Year's Eve celebration added to the Vintage Los Angeles Facebook page by Kliph Nesteroff.  



A happy crowd for a 1947 "Queen For a Day" broadcast from the theatre. Thanks to Martin Turnbull for this version of the photo, appearing on his Noirish Los Angeles post #43709.  



Thanks to Eric Lynxwiler on Flickr for this matchbook from the Earl Carroll Theatre. It's in his extraordinary Paper Ephemera collection. 




And, of course, there were even Earl Carroll Theatre playing cards. This one's a two of spades from the collection of Sharon Sekhon of the Studio for Southern California History.



The stars' autographs from the plaques on the facade were replicated on souvenir glasses that you could purchase. Thanks to Mike Hume for this October 2017 photo of some that were on display at an open house at the theatre.

Earl Carroll and Beryl Wallace died in a plane crash in June 1948. The theatre continued to operate but wasn't a viable venture without the leadership of Carroll and his star. It closed in October 1949. 

Later operators: The theatre had a difficult time finding an operator in the early 50s. CBS was using it in 1951. In 1953 it was re-opened by Frank Sennes as the Moulin Rouge nightclub. Sennes increased the seating capacity to 1,250. The theatre was also used for periods as a TV studio in the 50s and early 60s including for the "Queen for a Day" program. That program had earlier done radio broadcasts from the theatre in the late 40s.



A wonderful 50s billboard for a Moulin Rouge engagement of Louis Prima and Keely Smith. It's a Gary Leonard photo that popped up on Vintage Los Angeles as a post by Alison Martino.
 



A 1959 program cover from the GS Jansen collection he once had posted on Vintage Los Angeles.

From 1965 until 1967 it was the Hullabaloo Theatre. In mid-1967 it became the Kaleidoscope, a project of Gary Essert. He had intended to open at the Filmarte Theatre but the landlord, National General, put a stop to that. After a quick detour for a show at the Ambassador, the venture settled in at the Earl Carroll. Marc Wanamaker has commented about scraping paint off the glass columns in the lobby get ready for the theatre's reopening.

In late 1968 it was renamed the Aquarius Theatre for almost a two year run of "Hair." The floor was re-terraced and conventional theatre seating installed. Evidently the rear of the house got partitioned off at this point to make it a separate lobby. Mike Hume found a November 1968 building permit for 110' of non-load bearing wall. Later shows at the Aquarius included "Lenny" and "Purlie." In 1977 it was briefly known as the Longhorn Theatre. In 1979 the theatre saw runs of "Oliver!" and "Ain't Misbehavin.'" Center Theatre Group was using it in the early 80s for "Zoot Suit" and other shows. In 1981 CTG was issued a building permit for construction of a $25,000 "sound wall."

In 1982 producer Martin Tahse had it with big plans for two restaurants and a separate theatre space at the back of the stage. He pulled out the theatre seating and went back to tables on the original terraces. One production of his was "I'm Getting My Act Together and Taking It on the Road." In 1983 it became a TV production facility under the management of Sunset Gower Studios variously called the Sunset Blvd. Theatre, the Star Search Theatre and (in 1993) the Chevy Chase Theatre. Other uses have included being a venue for Jerry Lewis Telethons and Filmex. It was used from 1997 until 2016 by Nickelodeon as their west coast production hub and known as the Nickelodeon on Sunset. They've moved out. The original auditorium ceiling has been removed and the floor leveled.

Status: It's currently vacant. The owners, Essex Property Trust, will be looking for a new tenant. Scroll down to the bottom of the page for more information on the plans for redevelopment of the parking lot to the west. Essex has owned the property since 2004.

The Earl Carroll in the Movies: 


We see all the wonders of the great stage demonstrated in "A Night at Earl Carroll's" (Paramount, 1940). The plot is slim, but it doesn't matter. A mobster engineers a kidnapping of Mr. Carroll and the lead performers so there won't be a show. But quite a show we get! In addition to Mr. Carroll, the film features Ken Murray, Rose Hobart, J. Carrol Naish, Lela Moore and Forbes Murray -- and a cameo by Beryl Wallace. See the Theatres in Movies post for more shots from the film.



We get some nice aerial shots in the Jerry Lewis film "The Errand Boy" (Paramount, 1961). Here looking west on Sunset it's the Earl Carroll (here renamed the Moulin Rouge) on the left and the Palladium across the street. See the Theatres In Movies post for a Hollywood Blvd. aerial view and visits to the Fox Westwood Village and the Chinese.



Elvis takes the beat to Bagdad in Gene Nelson's "Harum Scarum" (MGM, 1965). Of course while in the Middle East to premiere his new desert-themed movie Hollywood filmstar Johnny Tyronne (Elvis) gets kidnapped, meets a princess, and falls in love. We wind up at the Earl Carroll for the final number, "Harem Holiday." See the Theatres in Movies post for more shots from that scene.



A vintage exterior photo of the theatre as the Earl Carroll that's used at the beginning of "Zoot Suit" (Universal, 1981).



Another exterior image from the opening. The end credits of "Zoot Suit" note that it was filmed at the Aquarius Theatre, as it was then called. There are some shots of the audience in the auditorium during the film -- but we really don't see anything in the except seats. There are, however, some views of the lobby.



A lobby shot from "Zoot Suit" Thanks to Lanna Pian for the tip on this one. The Theatres In Movies post has several more lobby shots.


More exterior views:


A 1938 Herman Schultheis shot of the installation work on the famous neon on the exterior. The piece, a 20' high likeness of Mr. Carroll's companion Beryl Wallace, is ringed with the words "Thru These Portals Pass the Most Beautiful Girls in the World."  It's in the Los Angeles Public Library collection. Thanks to Nile Hight for posting the photo on Vintage Los Angeles, prompting a look for it in the LAPL collection.



Thanks to Cezar Del Valle for this early postcard of the theatre from his Theatre Talks collection.  There's also a version of this one on Card Cow. Card Cow also has another night postcard of the theatre from across the street.



An August 1939 photo by Maynard Parker. It's from the Huntington Digital Library collection and also on Calisphere.  The link to the Huntington will also get you thumbnail views of 21 additional photos of the theatre by Mr. Parker



A great look at the re-creation of the the famous neon face. Thanks to Brian Michael McCray for the post on the Facebook page Vintage Los Angeles. The neon, a project of the Museum of Neon Art, is on display at the Universal Studios City Walk.  



A 1939 Frasher Foto Card in the collection of the Pomona Public Library. Their Frasher Postcard Collection has hundreds of photos from all over southern California. The card above also appears as part of an Earl Carroll album on the Facebook page SoCal Historic Architecture.



A card from the site Card Cow. The L.A. Conservancy also has a version of this card on their "Earl Carroll issues" page. The number in the lower corner isn't the date -- it's earlier than that. 



An Ansel Adams shot of the "neon Earl Carroll girl" on the facade. The photo is in the collection of the Los Angeles Public Library.



A night postcard view by Bob Plunkett from the Los Angeles Public Library collection. Another version of the card from the Michelle Gerdes collection appears on Photos of Los Angeles.



Earl Carroll and some of the showgirls with autographed blocks that would be installed on the theatre's facade. It's a photo that once appeared on Vintage Los Angeles.

 

A 1940 view of the tire shop along the east side of the theatre. Thanks to Michael Hayashi for the photo, a post on Photos of Los Angeles.




This c.1941 photo is from the Los Angeles Public Library collection. You can see the image as a postcard in Elizabeth Fuller's Old Los Angeles Postcards collection on Flickr. Note the fire escape from the upstairs offices, added in 1941.



A 40s view of the theatre from
"The Aquarius Theater," Alison Martino's 2009 post on her Martino's Time Machine blog. The photo also appears on the Vintage Los Angeles Facebook page and with her 2015 Los Angeles Magazine article "Uncovering a Secret Gem...."



The Wikipedia article on the Earl Carroll Theatre has this 1942 view taken by Russell Lee for the Farm Security Administration.  It's in the Library of Congress collection.



A 40s postcard view of the Earl Carroll. Thanks to Mark for the card with his post about the theatre on the blog Having A Nice Time.  It also appears in the Hollywood section of the site Penny Postcards of California.

The back of the card reads: "The Earl Carroll Theatre - Restaurant in the heart of Hollywood on Sunset Boulevard near Vine, is a favorite Nite Spot in the Film Capital of the World. Seating arrangements are terraced so all guests may enjoy an unobstructed view of the lavish stage production with 'Sixty of the Most Beautiful Girls in the World.'"



A postcard view of the celebrity autograph plaque wall from Brian Michael McCray's amazing Hollywood Postcards collection, formerly displayed on Picasa. Thanks, Brian! Another version of this star wall postcard from the John Marshall collection appears on Photos of Los Angeles




Thanks to Richard Wojcik on Vintage Los Angeles for this great 1945 shot of servicemen visiting the theatre. 



 A 40s snapshot from the Sean Ault collection. Thanks, Sean! 



Big plans for a new film theatre were announced in 1946 but never realized. The Los Angeles Public Library photo appeared on Vintage Los Angeles, where Brian Michael McCray offered details on the never-built theatre:

"Seating 7,000, $15 Million, structure to be larger than Radio City Music Hall, Sunset Boulevard, a half a block east of current structure. Proscenium 130 ft., THREE revolving stages 75x100, and ice rink AND a water tank, so that Esther Williams and Sonja Hennie could BOTH perform simultaneously while 110 dizzy dames twirled. Movie Theatre, TV studios, nightclub and a high rise office tower topped with a heliport. (And we got The Cinerama Dome instead.)" Thanks, Brian! 




A Burton Frasher Card with a 1947 night view in the collection of the Pomona Public Library. There's also a higher resolution version on Calisphere.



The "Celebrity Wall" in 1948. It's a postcard in the Los Angeles Public Library collection. There's also a different black and white postcard using a photo by Bob Plunkett. Both Card Cow and Penny Postcards of California have copies of that one.



Thanks to Sean Ault for this fine night view taken c.1951 when CBS was using the theatre. It's also on Vintage Los Angeles as a post from Richard Wojcik. 



The theatre became the Moulin Rouge in 1953. Thanks to Ken McIntyre for this early 50s "All New Show" shot on Photos of Los Angeles.



This great Moulin Rouge postcard with the show "Paris Toujours" playing is from Ken McIntyre on Photos of Los Angeles. A version is also on the site Card Cow.



A lovely 50s view from Hector Acuna on the non-public Facebook group Mid Century Modern Los Angeles.  Jeanne Be also had a somewhat cropped version of the image on Vintage Los Angeles.



A c.1953 view showing the theatre when it was operating as the Moulin Rouge. It was once on Vintage Los Angeles as a post by Laura DeMarco but has now vanished from the page.



A great 3 minute compilation of c.1954 Hollywood footage, Luke Sacher's "Hollywood 50s Neon" on YouTube features the Earl Carroll in its Moulin Rouge days, Grauman's Chinese, the Egyptian and lots more.



Picketing NBC's Fred Astaire show in 1959. Thanks to Ken McIntyre for posting the photo on Photos of Los Angeles.



A lovely 1961 Moulin Rouge view. The show was "C'est la Vie" with Louis Armstrong. Thanks to Alison Martino for the post on Vintage Los Angeles. The image also appears with her 2015 Los Angeles Magazine article "Uncovering a Secret Gem...It's also on Photos of Los Angeles.



Thanks to G.S. Jansen for posting this nice "Queen For a Day" view by an unknown photographer on his Noirish Los Angeles post #1506



A Moulin Rouge shot that Noirish Los Angeles contributor Ethereal Reality found on eBay for his Noirish post #23819. Also see several nice views of the theatre on his Noirish post #5759. Visit Noirish LA for a great ride around the "bright and guilty place" that is Los Angeles!  



A 1965 look at the celebrity autograph slabs from the Richard Wojcik collection on Vintage Los Angeles.  Note here we still have the Beryl Wallace neon on the building. Thanks, Richard! Also see Alison Martino's post of a 1966 L.A. Times photo of the Turtles at the Celebrity wall.



Thanks to Richard Wojcik for this June 1966 photo of the Palladium and the Earl Carroll, here as the Hullabaloo. It was a post of his on Vintage Los Angeles. He notes that the dirt in the foreground is the site of the then recently demolished NBC complex at Sunset and Vine.

 


This cropped version of Richard's photo is from Alison Martino on FlickrThe image also appears with her 2015 Los Angeles Magazine article "Uncovering a Secret Gem...." Thanks, Alison!  



A look at the Earl Carroll as the Kaleidoscope in 1968 with lines for a Janis Joplin show. Thanks to Ken McIntyre for the photo on the Facebook page Photos of Los Angeles.



Thanks to Richard Wojcik for this early 1971 photo taken after "Hair" had completed a nearly two year run at what was then called the Aquarius Theatre. It was a post on Vintage Los Angeles. Don't miss Alison Martino's post "The Aquarius Theater" on her blog Martino's Time Machine.



Filmex at the Aquarius in 1981. Thanks to Philip Mershon's Felix in Hollywood Tours for the photo, a post on the Facebook page Vintage Los Angeles.



 A 2009 look east on Sunset Blvd from Argyle. That's the Palladium on the left. Photo: Google Maps  | interactive version



The Nickelodeon signage c. 2009. Thanks to Mark for the photo with his post about the theatre on the blog Having A Nice Time.



The Earl Carroll Theatre as a studio for Nickelodeon. Photo: Bill Counter - 2010



A c.2011 look at the building from Ken Mcintyre on Photos of Los Angeles.



A 2013 look at the building by Ken McIntyre on Photos of Los Angeles.



On the roof from the top of the dressing room stack stage right. We're looking to the south of the building over the stage area. The scene shop behind the stage is much lower and its roof can't be seen from here. Photo: Mike Hume - October 2017. See Mike's fine page about the theatre on his Historic Theatre Photography site.



A view north across the side of the auditorium roof. Note the Hollywood sign hiding behind the construction crane in the distance. Photo: Mike Hume - October 2017



Looking east on Sunset Blvd. Photo: Mike Hume - October 2017



A closer view of the post-Nickelodeon facade. Photo: Mike Hume - October 2017



Looking west along the facade. Photo: Mike Hume - October 2017



The sceneshop at the rear of the building. The loading doors are at the other end. Photo: Mike Hume - October 2017. Thanks, Mike! Visit his Historic Theatre Photography site for lots of tech information and hundreds of fine photos of the many theatres he's explored in Los Angeles and elsewhere.

The future of the building: The owners of the building, the Palo Alto-based equity fund Essex Property Trust, had meetings over a period of two years with a coalition consisting of Hollywood Heritage, the Los Angeles Historic Theatre Foundation, the L.A. Conservancy, the Art Deco Society of Los Angeles and councilman Mitch O'Farrell. Essex has agreed to maintain the art deco lobby, retain the revolving stage, and work on restoration of the exterior. They're planning to restore the facade to its 1938 look, including the vertical neon stripes on the Sunset facade and (eventually) the neon sculpture with the lettering "Through these portals pass the most beautiful girls in the world." No cement signature blocks, however.

The initial proposal from Essex had contained no assurances that the theatre would remain an entertainment-related venue or that any of the remaining historic features (such as the deco lobby) would be preserved. They later became a willing partner in the discussions that followed resulting in both a City of Los Angeles landmark designation and assurances of protection of historic interior elements. The landmarking was a big step as earlier the developers had expressed an interest in applying -- but only after their work was completed. While much of the building has been altered, enough historic features remain to make the Earl Carroll also eligible for inclusion on the National Register. Essex has also talked about a facade easement to the L.A. Conservancy to obtain certain tax credits.

Unlike the well-preserved deco lobby, the auditorium has been extensively remodeled over the years. All the neon is gone, the ceiling has been removed, and the floor leveled. Nickelodeon stopped using the building as a production facility in 2016. The building may stay as a film or television production facility. Or get turned to other commercial use. Initially there was little chance it would ever again be a public venue as the developers didn't want to meet the necessary parking requirements. Now, with some dedicated parking, that possibility has been left open for the future.



A rendering of the new project. Essex will be building a 7 story mixed use structure, the 6250 Sunset Building, in the parking lot west of the theatre. It will contain 200 apartments and 4,700 sf of commercial space. The existing theatre building will be retained and connected to the new structure via a "paseo." Bob Linder represented Essex at an October 2017 open house and groundbreaking. 

A December 9, 2016 L.A. Curbed article had mentioned "restoration" of the theatre but offered no details other than facade work. A December 2016 LAist story noted the agreement with the owners "will ensure that one of the last remaining examples of modern entertainment venues constructed during the height of the Golden Age will remain for decades to come." But don't expect to go to a show. There is no program to restore the auditorium. It hasn't been a public performance venue for years and may or may not be returned to that use in the future -- it depends on what sort of tenants the building gets.

Escott O. Norton, of the LAHTF, commented about the developer: "They are not in the theatre biz, so if we can find the right operator for this unique property, it might very well be returned to a public venue. We were able to add protections for some of the interior elements, including the rotating stage which is currently covered by the production facility floor. Also, there will be some dedicated parking for the theatre, not nearly enough but some."

The Los Angeles Conservancy has a fine page outlining the project. Hit the "our position" tab for more information about their reservations about the project as originally proposed. Also see the Draft Environmental Impact Report from March 2015 and a pdf with the Conservancy's comments.



Looking west on Sunset across the facade of the historic theatre toward the proposed new building. It's a rendering from a 2014 Curbed L.A. article by Bianca Barragan on the project "Here's the Latest Look for the Sunset-Vine Mixed User."

Thanks to Richard Adkins of Hollywood Heritage for updates on the project. He notes that "There are some good things to their plans for the new adjacent building. It has a facade on Hawthorne as well as Sunset in order to upgrade that street. They are borrowing rhythms and massing from the Carroll and they are restoring or returning elements of the vintage signage."

More Information: See Mike Hume's fine page on the Earl Carroll on his Historic Theatre Photography site. And don't miss "A Day at Earl Carroll's," Mike's three and a half minute video tour of the building on You Tube. 

The City of Los Angeles Department of City Planning has a 2016 Cultural Heritage Commission Final Report available as a 498 page pdf. On Facebook see the Beryl Wallace Homepage.

Alison Martino's 2015 Los Angeles Magazine article "Uncovering a Secret Gem..." has some history of the venue. See the Bruce Torrence article on Frank Sennes and the theatre's years as the Moulin Rouge. Martin Turnbull has a fine article about the theatre on his website.

You Tube has a nice 2 1/2 minute clip from Robbies Video Archives "The Hullabaloo Club, Hollywood, 1966" with a nice discussion of its transition from the Earl Carroll/Moulin Rouge.

The Wikipedia article on the Earl Carroll Theatre has an informative history on the Hollywood theatre and Earl Carroll Theatre in New York City. Also visit their listing for Earl Carroll. Earl Carroll also has a listing on Find A Grave.

Carroll also was a film producer with titles including the cult-classic "Murder at the Vanities" (1933) as well as "Stowaway" (1936), "Love is News" (1937), and "A Night at Earl Carroll's" (1940).

A new book on Earl Carroll by Randy Schmidt titled "Impresario: Earl Carroll and Beryl Wallace" is in the works from the University Press of Mississippi "Hollywood Legends" series. There's an Indiegogo page up with information about the book and Mr. Carroll. A short video is included. Schmidt also has an Impresario page and an Earl Carroll Theatre page up on Facebook.

The Missing Plaques: The Earl Carrol had a whole wall of little plaques that were signed by the stars. In a June, 2011 story, L.A. Magazine's Chris Nichols answers a question about what happened to them:

"In 1968, a Dutch art collective known as the Fool replaced the nameplates with a psychedelic mural of Greek muses and stored the autographed pieces in the basement. They stayed there until 1979, when Magic Castle founder Milt Larsen acquired them for his Variety Arts Center downtown. Gene Autry lassoed them for his museum later that year. Finally, Butterfield & Butterfield auctioned off 104 of the plaques in 1989 and 1990. Two bearing the names of Norma Shearer and Amos ’n Andy had been left beneath the theater stage. They were put on display until 2006, when the property was sold again...and the owner gave the pair to the handyman." Thanks, Chris!

A 2011 post about the theatre on the blog Dear Old Hollywood elicited a comment from a gentleman who said he had 80 to 100 of the plaques in his possession. As of 2015 some of the plaques were evidently still in the possession of Milt Larson.

The Earl Carroll Theatre pages: back to top - history + exterior views | lobby areas | auditorium | stage | stage basement | sceneshop |

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